1106 – Death of Magnus I Billung, Duke of Saxony

1305 – William Wallace, one of the leaders of the Scottish Rebellion against Edward I Plantagenet, King of England, is executed for high treason by being hung, drawn and quartered.

1387 – Death of Olav IV Bjälboätten, King of Norway and Denmark

1754 – Birth of Louis XVI de Bourbon, King of France

1775 – George III Hanover, King of Great Britain, declares the American colonies exist in an ‘open and avowed state of rebellion’.

1836 – Birth of Marie Henriette Habsburg-Lotharingen, Archduchess of Austria and wife of Leopold II Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, King of the Belgians