Category: Chapter III – Contemporary Reputations


Roan, Peter. "The Early Gothic Room: Grisaille Panels 1265 from Chateau de Bourgueil." Photograph. http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjr1961/5299171902/, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

Pomegranate, Lea. "Saint Chapelle Floor Tile." Photograph. http://www.flickr.com/photos/panjan2drum/2141370671/, Paris, France, 17 December 2007

Walker, D. "Castles and Fleur-de-Lis." Photograph. http://www.flickr.com/photos/21000745@N02/3746251553/, Paris, France, 26 March 2008

Godliman, Darrell. "France - Paris - Sainte Chapelle - Lower Chapel 03." Photograph. http://www.flickr.com/photos/darrellg/5655050595/, Paris, France, 30 September 2010

Source: Cowen, Painton. Angers Cathedral - South Rose Window. 2008. http://www.therosewindow.com/pilot/Angers/S-rose-Frame.htm (accessed September 26, 2011).

Source: Cowen, Painton. Angers Cathedral – South Rose Window. 2008. http://www.therosewindow.com/pilot/Angers/S-rose-Frame.htm (accessed September 26, 2011).

HENRY BY THE GRACE OF GOD King of England France and Lord of Ireland, to
all to whom the present letters shall come, Greetings.

Know that – when we on the twenty-first day of August last preceding by
a letter of ours

to the praise glory and honour of almighty God, in whose hands are the
hearts of kings, and of the blessed and inviolate virgin Mary, mother of Christ
and of the glorious confessor Saint Bernard, for the extirpation of heresies
and errors, the augmentation of the faith, and the dignity of the clergy, and
the establishment of the sacrosanct mother church, whose mysteries ought to be
entrusted to fit persons, who should shine like stars in their courses, and may
instruct nations with learning and example alike,

an everlasting college according to the tenor of the said letter of ours
in and of the number of one President and four fellows (whether more or fewer
as the case should be according to the resources of that college and the
amplification or diminution of expenses)

who are to dwell for study and prayer in our university of Cambridge –
for our health and the safety of our beloved consort Margaret queen of England
so long as we shall live and for our souls when we have departed from this
life, and for the souls of our illustrious father and mother and all our forebears
and all the faithful who have died – this president and fellows jointly and
severally each at their successive times in existence according to the statutes
and ordinances (thence through the venerable master John Somerseth the
chancellor of our exchequer, Richard Cawedray, Peter Hyrford, John Sparhauk,
Hugo Damlet, and Thomas Boleyn clerics, so long as they should live and the
greater part of them, and after the death of one or several of them through
those who survive or the majority of those who survive statutes are to be
founded made and established) we wish to be elected and placed in charge and
instituted, ruled directed and governed, corrected punished and removed, and
deprived

in a farm and land situated in the parish of saint Botulph in Cambridge
(lying between the habitation of the Carmelite brothers of the town of
Cambridge in the north and the royal area called Small Bridges Street in the
south and the river bank likewise to the west and the road called Mill Street
to the east),

which land and farm we recently have had to a purpose for these from the
gift and grant of the aforementioned president and fellows through the name of
one messuage with the houses and garden and of four tenements with gardens
adjacent to those tenements, just as is more fully explained in a letter
written to us by that president and those fellows dated first of August last,

according to the tenor of the aforementioned letter we have founded
erected created and established it to exist in perpetuity and master Andrew
Doket as president and vice-president of that college and John Lawe, Alexander
Forkelowe, Thomas Haywode, and John Carewey, clerics, fellows of that same
college elected by us and appointed for that purpose, who are according to the
ordinances and the statutes which are, as aforementioned, to be made and issued
thereafter through the John Somerseth Richard Peter John Sperhauk, Hugo and
Thomas Boleyn (as aforementioned) we have placed them in charge created and
ordered them, to be governed directed deprived and removed, just as is more
fully explained in that aforementioned letter of ours among other things which
are consonant with and conducive to the foundation erection creation and
establishment,

which letter with all the contents of it jointly and severally the
president and fellows have delivered to our chancellery our royal assent having
been granted to them in this part, for cancellation revocation and annulment,

We most humbly supplicating to accept it so far as it is to be cancelled
revoked and annulled and – so much the aforementioned farm or land with its
properties as other farm or land (situated in the aforementioned parish of
Saint Botulph in the aforementioned town of Cambridge between the monastic
messuage of St Radegund of Cambridge and also the messuage of Andrew Doket
cleric, the messuage of Reginald of Ely, the messuage of Thomas Neel, the
messuage of Thomas Lovell, the messuage of Henry Symsone and the messuage of
Robert Bradwey cleric in the south, and the messuage of the Abbot and convent
of Sawetry and the messuage of Benedict Morys dyer in the north, and
abutment(?) at the eastern head above the royal street called Trumpyngton
Street, to the western head above the royal street leading towards the
Carmelite brothers of Cambridge) with their possessions, which farm or land the
aforementioned president and fellows have recently had our grant, and one
tenement with its possessions (lying in the aforementioned parish of St Botulph
of Cambridge beside the tenement of the college of Corpus Christi and the
blessed Mary of Cambridge to the north and the tenement of the rectory of St
Botulph to the south, and the abutment(?) to one head above the garden of the aforementioned
college of Corpus Christi and to the other head above the royal street called
High Street towards the west) – to resume them totally into our hands according
to their assent and will, and meanwhile to grant and concede those farms or
lands and tenements to our aforementioned beloved consort,

and also to that same consort of ours another college of this kind in
honour of the glorious virgin saint Margaret and saint Bernard to be founded
erected created and established on the aforementioned farm or land which
recently belonged to the aforementioned John Morys of Trumpyngton knight, we
graciously deigned to grant our royal licence in the subsequent form,

WE ALL duly contemplating the single premisses with internal meditation,
from the assent of the president and the aforementioned fellows and according
to the singular contemplation of our aforementioned consort and the petition
and supplication of the president and fellows which have been specially made to
us in this respect

of our especial grace and certain knowledge we accept the cancellation
of our letter in the aforementioned form and we cancel it according to the
tenor of the present, and we revoke and annul and decree the revocation and
complete annulment through those present of all things jointly and severally
contained and specified in that same letter;

and we resume into our hands the farms or lands and tenements
aforementioned with their properties for the reasons aforementioned and the
same farms or lands and tenements with their properties we grant and concede
through those present to be had and held by them their heirs and nominees in
perpetuity – to the intent and purpose that she shall erect found and establish
in the subsequent form a college of this kind on the same farm or land recently
of the aforementioned John Morys;

and further we have granted from our more ample grace and have given
licence for us and our heirs and our successors to our aforementioned consort,

that she (to the praise glory and honour of God and the blessed Mary and
the aforementioned glorious virgin saint Margaret and saint Bernard and to
other divine works of piety) a perpetual college according to the tenor of
those present in and of the number of one president and four fellows (or more
or fewer as the case may be according to the resources of that college and the
amplification or diminution of its finances)

who are to dwell in our aforementioned university of Cambridge for study
and prayer – for our health and that of our consort as long as we shall live
and for our souls when we have departed from this life, and for the souls of
our illustrious fathers and mothers and all our forebears and all the faithful
who have died –

this president and these fellows jointly and severally at their
successive times to exist according to the statutes and ordinances (which are
to be founded instituted created and established thereafter by the venerable
father William Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield and the aforementioned John
Somerseth, Richard Cawedray Peter Hirford Hugo Damlet and Thomas Boleyn and
William Millyngton clerics while they shall live and the greater part of them
and after the death of one or several of them through those who shall survive
or through the greater part of those surviving) we wish to be elected placed in
charge and instituted ruled directed and governed corrected punished and
removed and deprived

shall be able in the aforementioned farm or land which (as
aforementioned) recently belonged to the aforementioned John Morys to found
erect create and establish a college which shall last in perpetuity

and shall be able to place in charge create and order the aforementioned
master Andrew Doket president and vice-president of that college and the
aforementioned John Lawe, Alexander Forkelowe, Thomas Haywode and John Careway
clerics fellows of the same college according to the ordinance and statutes
(thereafter to be made and issued by the aforementioned bishop John Somerseth
Richard Peter Hugo Thomas and William Millyngton as aforementioned.

For we wish and grant, that when the aforementioned college has been founded
erected created and established by our aforementioned consort in the
aforementioned form and the aforementioned president and fellows have similarly
been placed in charge created and ordered by her, the same president and
fellows and the successive president and fellows of the same college according
to the ordinances and statutes which are to be made and issued (as
aforementioned) they shall be able to elect gather and admit more fellows who
are to be governed corrected deprived and removed according to those ordinances
and statutes – these fellows and their successors thus elected gathered and
admitted (to be governed corrected deprived and removed according to the
statutes and ordinances of this manner) we wish and grant for ourselves our
heirs and successors in perpetuity through those present that they be fellows
of that college and be held and in all respects considered as it were fellows
and members of the same college.

We further wish and grant that after the foundation erection creation
and establishment of the aforementioned college and the creation and ordination
of the aforementioned president and fellows which is to be accomplished in the
aforementioned form when that same president shall depart or decease or for
whatever other reason be removed or deprived from that place, the remaining
fellows of the same college in existence at that time, according to the form
and purpose of the ordinances and statutes which are to be made in this form
(as aforementioned), we hold according to the tenor of those present that
another suitable man elected as president after the election of himself as
president and vice-president of the same college through the chancellor of the
aforementioned university and his successors existing at that time and not
through our aforementioned consort nor any other queen of England succeeding
her shall be admitted and confirmed and governed corrected deprived and removed
according to the aforementioned ordinances and statutes,

and that when presidents of this manner retire or decease or are
deprived or removed by whatever means thereafter the remaining fellows of the
aforementioned college should have and be able to have according to the
ordinances and statutes to be made (as aforementioned) a free choice from time
to time of a new president of the aforementioned college, whom we wish and
grant for ours our heirs and successors so far as is in our power in perpetuity
through those present to be perpetual president of the same college without
licence being sought or obtained from our aforementioned consort or any queen
of England succeeding her.

We also wish and grant that after the creation and ordination of the
aforementioned fellows of the aforementioned college by our aforementioned
consort which is to be accomplished in the aforementioned form, when fellows of
the aforementioned college depart or decease or are deprived or removed
therefrom or when one of them departs or deceases or is deprived or removed
therefrom in future, the aforementioned president and fellows and their
aforementioned successors should have in perpetuity according to the ordinances
and statues of this kind the right of free choice and election of new fellows
who are to be placed in their stead without licence having to be sort or
obtained for the future from our aforementioned consort or any queen of England
who succeeds her, and these thus elected and admitted and none others are to be
fellows of the aforementioned college and are to be held and considered as it
were fellows and members of the same college and are to be governed corrected
and removed according to those ordinances and statutes.

And we further wish and grant that the aforementioned college when it
has been founded erected created and established shall be called in perpetuity The
Queen’s College of Saint Margaret and Saint Bernard in the university of
Cambridge
, and that the aforementioned president and fellows in existence
there at the time shall be called in perpetuity The President and Fellows of
the Queen’s College of Saint Margaret and Saint Bernard in the university of
Cambridge
:

and that the same president and fellows shall be one body in themselves
in reality and in name, and shall have everlasting succession, and that they
themselves through the name and in the name of the president and fellows of the
aforementioned college shall be persons capable and perpetually at law of
requesting receiving and seeking lands tenements returns and services and
advowsons so much from us our heirs and successors as from other persons
whosoever granted that they are held immediately from us our heirs and
successors through military service or by any other method whatever; these to
be held and kept by the same president and fellows and their successors in
perpetuity notwithstanding the statute concerning lands and tenements which
decrees that they are not to be placed in a dead hand:

and similarly that they can through the aforementioned name approve and
disapprove prosecute and defend all manner of actions at law personal and mixed
of whatever kind they are and disputes cases and quarrels of whatever kind, and
answer them and be answered in them in the aforementioned name in the presence
of us and our heirs and even justices and secular and ecclesiastical judges of
whatever kind;

and that the same president and fellows and their successors should have
in perpetuity one common seal which will serve for the transaction of their
business and actions and causes.

Furthermore we have granted and given licence for ours and our
successors as far as it is in our power through those present to our consort
that she (immediately after the foundation erection creation and establishment
of the aforementioned college and after the creation and ordination of the
aforementioned president and fellows of the same college which is to be
accomplished through our consort in the aforementioned form) should be able to
give and concede the aforementioned farms or lands and tenements with their
possessions to the aforementioned president and fellows and their successors,
so much for the creation and construction in and above those same farms or
lands and tenements of their homes and buildings and their places of habitation
and their other necessities as for the perpetual augmentation of the sustenance
of the same president and fellows and their successors, and also we have given
special licence according to the tenor of those present to the same president
and fellows that they themselves should be able to receive and possess for
themselves and their successors in perpetuity the aforementioned farms or lands
and tenements with their possessions from our aforementioned consort in the
aforementioned form, notwithstanding the aforementioned statute which
prescribes that land and tenements should not be placed in a dead hand.

And furthermore we wish grant and give licence for ourselves our heirs
and successors so far as it is in our power though those present, the
aforementioned bishop, John Somerseth, Richard Cawedray, Peter, Hugo, Thomas
Boleyn and William Millyngton that those seven while they live or the greater
part of them, and after the death of one or several of them the greater part of
those surviving shall be able to correct emend reform or totally change the
aforementioned ordinances and statutes for the good and sound government of the
college, according to which the presidents and fellows who shall in future
exist in the same college must be governed and removed and deprived in the
manner and form aforementioned.

We have further granted and given licence for ourselves our heirs and
successors as far as is in our power through those present to the
aforementioned president and fellows that, when the same president and fellows
have been created and established in the aforementioned form, they and their
successors as president and fellows of the aforementioned college shall be able
to seek lands tenements and returns and advowsons and other ecclesiastical
benefits of whatever kind as much as from the lands and tenements which are
held from us through military service or through some other service or from
others as from us for whatever kind of service, which lands tenements returns
and other ecclesiastical benefits of whatever kind which may reach two hundred
pounds per year, the lands tenements returns and advowsons are to be held and kept
by the same president fellows and their successors for free pure and perpetual
charity in perpetuity,

and shall be able to appropriate ecclesiastical and other benefits and
thus appropriated hold them for their own uses and for the use of their
successors for their sustenance in food and clothing and other necessitaties in
perpetuity and without hindrance or the need to apply to our heirs or
successors or any others whosoever, notwithstanding the aforementioned statute
or any other statute or ordinance issued to the contrary:

and this without any large or small feud(??) or fine(??) of whatever
kind being restored paid or made to us our heirs or successors for the
aforementioned or any of the aforementioned, because express mention concerning
other gifts and concessions made though us to our aforementioned consort before
this time made in those present does not exist according to the form of the
statutes to be issued thereafter notwithstanding.

As testimony to which thing we have made these our letters to be patent.
With me myself as witness at Westminster on the thirtieth day of March in the
twenty-sixth year of our reign.

KIRKEHAM

Through the king himself and by the authority of parliament on the
aforementioned date.

 

Source: Queens’ College
Cambridge. Charter of Foundation 1448. 2011.
http://www.quns.cam.ac.uk/general-information/official-documents/charter-of-foundation
(accessed September 16, 2011)

Source: The British Library, Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'). 2011. http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/record.asp?MSID=18385&CollID=16&NStart=150506 (accessed August 9, 2011).

Source: Cowen, Painton. Chartres Cathedral. 2011. http://www.therosewindow.com/pilot/Chartres/w121-frame.htm (accessed September 26, 2011)

Source: Cowen, Painton. Chartres Cathedral. 2011. http://www.therosewindow.com/pilot/Chartres/w121-frame.htm (accessed September 26, 2011)