Category: On this Day

10th September

918 – Death of Baldwin II von Harlebek, Count of Flanders

920 – Birth of Louis IV Carolin, King of France

1167 – Death of Matilda Normandy, Lady of the English and wife of Henry V von Salian, Holy Roman Emperor

1169 – Birth of Alexios II Komnenos, Emperor of Byzantine

1197 – Death of Henry II de Blois, Count of Champagne and King of Jerusalem

1308 – Death of Go-Nijo, Emperor of Japan

1382 – Death of Louis I Capet, King of Hungary, Croatia and Poland

1419 – Assassination of Jean II de Valois, Duke of Burgundy

1638 – Birth of Marie-Thérèse Habsburg, Princess of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and wife of Louis XIV de Bourbon, King of France

1669 – Death of Henrietta Maria de Bourbon, Princess of France and wife of Charles I Stuart, King of England

1889 – Death of Charles III Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco

1898 – Assassination of Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie Wittelsbach, Princess of Bavaria and wife of Franz Joseph I Habsburg-Lotharingen, Emperor of Austria

1948 – Death of Ferdinand I Wettin, King of Bulgaria

1000 – Death of Olaf I Hårfagreætta, King of Norway

1087 – Death of William I Normandy, King of England

1349 – Birth of Albert III Habsburg, Duke of Austria

1398 – Death of James I de Lusignan, King of Cyprus

1438 – Death of Duarte I Avis, King of Portugal

1488 – Death of Francis II Capet, Duke of Brittany

1513 – The Battle of Flodden Field where Henry VIII Tudor, King of England, defeats James IV Stuart, King of Scotland

1513 – Death of James IV Stuart, King of England

1513 – Accession of James V Stuart, King of England

1543 – Coronation of Mary I Stuart, Queen of Scotland

1585 – Birth of Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu

1596 – Death of Anna von Jagiellonian, Queen of Poland

2000 – Birth of Victoria Federica de Todos los Santos de Marichalar, Grandee of Spain

1134 – Death of Alfonso I Jimeno, King of Aragon and Navarre

1157 – Birth of Richard I Plantagenet, King of England

1209 – Birth of Sancho II Henriques, King of Portugal

1271 – Birth of Charles Martel Capet, Duke of Anjou and Prince of Naples

1331 – Declaration of the Kingdom of Serbia by Stephen Uroš IV Dušan Nemanjić, King of Serbia

1397 – Death of Thomas Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester

1425 – Death of Charles III de Everux, King of Navarre

1621 – Birth of Louis II de Conti, Prince of Conde

1633 – Birth of Ferdinand IV Habsburg, King of Germany

1675 – Death of Amalia von Solms, Countess of Braunfels and wife of Frederick Henry von Nassau, Prince of Orange

1749 – Birth of Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, Duchess of Polignac

1749 – Birth of Maria Teresa Luisa de Savoie, Princess of Lamballe

1761 – Marriage of George III Hanover, King of Great Britain, and Sophia Charlotte von Obotriten, Duchess of Strelitz

1831 – Coronation of William IV Hanover, King of Great Britain, and Adelaide Amelia Louise Theresa Caroline Wettin, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen

1887 – Birth of Geroge Karađorđević, Crown Prince of Serbia

1933 – Death of Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi Hashemite, King of Egypt

1151 – Death of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and father of Henry II Plantagenet, King of England

1191 – The Battle of Arsuf during the Third Crusade where Richard I Plantagenet, King of England, defeats Saladin ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb

1228 – Commencement of the Sixth Crusade by Frederick II von Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor

1312 – Death of Ferdinand IV de Anscarids, King of Castile and Leon

1438 – Birth of Louis II von Reginar, Landgrave of Hesse

1464 – Death of Frederick II Wettin, Elector of Saxony

1496 – Death of Ferdinand II Trastamara, King of Naples

1533 – Birth of Elizabeth I Tudor, Queen of England

1674 – Birth of Ernest Augustus Hanover, Duke of York and Albany

1683 – Birth of Maria Anna Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria and wife of Joao V de Braganca, King of Portugal

1812 – The Battle of Borodino where Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of France, defeats Alexander I Romanov, Tsar of Russia

1817 – Birth of Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Reginar, Princess of Hesse-Kassel and wife of Christian IX Oldenburg, King of Denmark

1818 – Coronation of Carl III Bernadotte, King of Norway (aka Charles XIV Bernadotte, King of Sweden)

1822 – Declaration of the Empire of Brazil by Pedro I de Braganca, Emperor of Brazil

972 – Death of His Holiness Pope John XIII

1666 – Birth of Ivan V Romanov, Tsar of Russia

1923 – Birth of Peter II Karađorđević, King of Yugoslavia

1926 – Birth of Claus von Amsberg, husband of Beatrix I von Nassau, Queen of the Netherlands

1940 – Abdication of Carol II Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania

1940 – Accession of Michael I Hohenzollern-Signmaringen, King of Romania

1948 – Accession of Julianna I von Nassau, Queen of the Netherlands

1997 – Funeral of Diana Spencer, former Princess of Wales

2006 – Birth of Hisahito Yamato, Prince of Japan

5th September

1187 – Birth of Louis VIII Capet, King of France

1201 – Death of Constance I de Penthièvre, Duchess of Brittany

1235 – Henry I von Reginar, Duke of Brabant

1319 – Birth of Pedro IV Carcassone, King of Aragon

1548 – Death of Catherine Parr, sixth and final wife of Henry VIII Tudor, King of England

1638 – Birth of Louis XIV de Bourbon, King of France

1666 – The Great Fire of London is finally quenched

1722 – Birth of Frederick Christian Wettin, Elector of Saxony

1725 – Wedding of Louis XV de Bourbon, King of France and Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska, Princess of Poland

1771 – Birth of Karl Ludwig Johann Josef Lorenz Habsburg-Lotharingen, Archduke of Austria

1816 – The dissolution of the ‘Unobtainable Chamber’ by Louis XVIII de Bourbon, King of France


626 – Li Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of China

1037 – Death of Bermudo III de Anscarids, King of Leon

1199 – Death of Joan Plantagenet, Princess of England and wife of William II de Haunteville, King of Sicily

1241 – Birth of Alexander III Caennmor, King of Scotland

1383 – Birth of Amadeus VIII de Savoie, Count of Savoy

1557 – Birth of Sophie von Mecklenburg, Princess of Gustrow and wife of Frederick II Oldenburg, King of Denmark and Norway

1563 – Birth of Wanli, Emperor of China

1870 – Deposition of Napoleon III Bonaparte, Emperor of the French

1896 – Birth of Aspasia Manos, wife of Alexander I Oldenburg, King of Greece

1948 – Abdication of Wilhelmina I von Nassau, Queen of the Netherlands

3rd September

1189 – Coronation of Richard I Plantagenet, King of England

1402 – Death of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan

1420 – Death of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany

1650 – The final defeat of the English Royalist Army, leading to the subsequent exile of Charles II Stuart, King of England

1658 – Death of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England

1658 – Richard Cromwell becomes the Lord Protector of England

1781 – Birth of Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Josephine de Beauharnais and Alexandre de Beauharnais

1851 – Birth of Olga Constantinovna Romanov, Grand Duchess of Russia and wife of George I Oldenburg, King of Greece

1914 – Voluntary deposition of William von Weid, Prince of Albania


44BC – Cleopatra VII Ptolemaic, Queen of Egypt, declares her son, Ptolemy XV Ptolemaic, as co-king of Egypt

1690 – Death of Philipp Wilhelm Wittelsbach, Elector Palatine

1753 – Birth of Marie Josephine de Savoie, Princess of Savoy and wife of Louis XVIII de Bourbon, King of France

1778 – Birth of Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland

1811 – The founding of the University of Oslo by Frederick VI Oldenburg, King of Denmark

1820 – Death of the Jiaqing Emperor of China

1867 – Marriage of Meiji Mutsuhito, Emperor of Japan, and Ichijō Masako

1883 – Birth of Elisabeth Maria Henriette Stephanie Gisela Habsburg-Lothringen, Archduchess of Austria and wife of Otto von Windisch, Prince of Grätz

1087 – Death of Baldwin V von Harlebek, Count of Flanders

1159 – Death of His Holiness Pope Adrian IV

1286 – Birth of Elisabeth Richenza von Piast, Princess of Poland and wife of Wenceslaus II von Premyslid, King of Bohemia and Rudolf I Habsburg, King of Bohemia and Duke of Austria

1532 – Anne Bolyen is created the Marquess of Pembroke

1588 – Birth of Henri II de Conde, Prince of Conde

1651 – Birth of Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina, wife of Alexei I Romanov, Tsar of Russia

1711 – Birth of William IV von Nassau, Prince of Orange

1715 – Death of Louis XIV de Bourbon, King of France and Navarre

1878 – Birth of Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria Wettin, Princess of Great Britain and wife of Ernst II von Hohenlohe, Prince of Langenburg